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In 1697, Diego Camacho y Avila arrived to take up his post as Archbishop of Manila. Armed with the decrees of the Council of Trent, he unleashed the full brunt of the storm, that is the "Visitation Controversy ". The "Visitation Controversy* involved the insistence of bishops to exercise their juridical rights to visit local parishes, per decrees of the Council of Trent. To parlay this, the religious orders in the Philippines, invoking the bull of 1522, "Exponi nobis," * (Omnimoda) by Pope Adrian VI, claimed exemption of regulars/religious, "exercising care of souls, N i.e. parochial administration, from episcopal jurisdiction. Cf. Schumacher, pp. t23-139. His ascendance to the see of Manila brought him into bitter juridical conflicts with the religious orders working in the Philippines, who by agreement , unified their zealous objections and actions against episcopal visitations.

Among those caught in the juridical crossfire were the beatas of Sta. Catalina. From the question of administration of Holy Communion to the beatas to complaints against harshness, to interventions in their life and discipline, to the parting blow, in 1703, of an interdict and a sentence of major excommunication, the beatas were the silent victims of personal and jurisdictional clashes.

Technically, the charge was the absence of a proper enclosure, as demanded by the Council of Trent, for women religious-in-community. On the one hand, it could be seen as the insistence of the archbishop on the enforcement of church laws and discipline. On the other hand, it was "new wine demanding, new wineskins," the first delicate steps of women religious-in- community, to establish themselves in ways on which the church laws of those times were still silent.

To avoid further scandal, the Dominican friars dispensed the beatas from their vows, and sought shelter for them as secular women, at Colegio de Sta. Potenciana. There, they were to "ask for absolution from the Archbishop" and to wait for the providence of better times for the resurrection of the beaterio .

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